Reading Test (Seen Passage)

Table of Contents

Passage 1: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–1, Lesson–02)

Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt. The name was taken from the Bengali word, ‘naksha’ which means artistic pattern. It is a kind of traditional craft and is said to be indigenous to Bangladesh and West Bengal in India. The art has been practised in rural Bengal for centuries. The name ‘Nakshi Kantha’ became popular after the poet Jasimuddin’s poem ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ was published in 1929.

Traditional kanthas are made for family use. Old or new cloth and thread are used to make these quilts. Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are most famous for this craft. Now it is produced commercially. You can find them in many expensive handicraft shops in cities. The quilts are now in great demand because of the colourful patterns and designs embroidered on them.

Set 1

1.     Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text :

        i)      Kind :

                i)    sympathetic             ii)   sort                                       ii)     sympathy                        iv)   benevolent

        ii)    Pattern :

                i)    decoration                ii)   design                                  iii)    mark                                 iv)   embellishment

        iii)   Indigenous :

                i)    indigestion                ii)   native                                  iii)    indigestible                       iv)   indignant

        iv)   Traditional :

                i)    rule                            ii)   conventional                      iv)   conventional                   iv)   convention

        iv)   Thread :

                i)    yarn                           ii)   threat                                   iii)    yard                                  iv)   rield

2.     Answer the following questions :

        (a)   What is Nakshi Kantha?                                   

        (b)   How long has the art been practised?

        (c)   Which areas are most famous for this craft?

        (d)   Why are the traditional Kanthas made?

        (e)   Why are the quilts now in great demand?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (i)    (d) benevolent; (ii) (b) design; (iii) (b) native; (iv) (c) conventional; (v) 9a) yarn.

2.     (a)   Nakshi Kantha is one kind of embroidered quilt.

        (b)   The art has been practised for centuries.

        (c)   Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore and most famous for this craft.

        (d)   The traditional Kanthas are made for family use.

        (e)   The quilts are now in great demand for the colourful patterns and designs.

3.     Nakshi Kantha is a traditional embroidered quit. The name was taken from the Bengali word ‘naksha’ which means artistic pattern. The art of Nakshi kantha has been practiced in rural areas of Bangladesh and West Bengal in India for centuries. Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are famous for ‘Nakshi kantha’. It became popular after the poet Jasimuddin’s poem ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ was published in 1929. People like it for its colourful patterns and designs embroidered on it. Now it is in great demand and produced commercially.

 Set 2

1.    Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        a)     The word ‘Nakshi Kantha’ comes from the _____ word.

                i)    English                      ii)   Bengali                                iii)    Hindi                                 iv)   Burmese

        b)     Nakshi Kantha is a ____ kantha.

                i)    modern                     ii)   ultramodern                       iii)    age old                              iv)   conventional

        c)     ‘Nakshi Kantha’ is related with _____.

i)    urban people           ii)   rural people                        ii)     ethnic people                   iv)   tribal people

        d)     Nowadays Nakshi Kantha is produced ____.

i)    traditionally             ii)   nationally                           iii)    commercially                  iv)   normally

        e)     ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ is written by ¾¾.

                i)    Kazi Nazrul Islam  ii)   Farrukh Ahmed                 iii)    Jasimuddin                      iv)   Rabindranath Tagore

2.     Give short answers to the following questions :

        (a)   What is ‘Nakshi Kantha’?                                  

        (b)   How long has this been practised?

        (c)   What kind of craft is it?                                    

        (d)   What districts are famous for “Nakshi Kantha’?

        (e)   Why are ‘Nakshi Kanthas’ now in great demand?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (ii) Bengali; (b) (iv) conventional; (c) (ii) rural people; (d) (iii) commercially; (e) (iii) Jasimuddin.

2.     (a)   Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroided quilt.

        (b)   The art has been practised for centuries.

        (c)   It is a kind of traditional craft.

        (d)   Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are famous for ‘Nakshi kantha’.

        (e)   ‘Nakshi kanthas’ are now in great demand for the colourful patterns and designs.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 3

1.     Choose the best answer from the alternative :

        a)     The term ‘indigenous’ means–

                i)    indigestible               ii)   native                                  iii)    famous                             iv)   wild

        b)     Nakshi Kanthas are a kind of–

                i)    quilt                           ii)   song                                     iii)    embrodiered quilt           iv)   crop

        c)     Jasimuddin was a famous–

                i)    poet                           ii)   scientist                               ii)     painter                              iii)    architect

        d)     The art of Nakshi Kanthas is most famous to ____ districts in Bangladesh.

                i)    three                          ii)   four                                      iii)    five                                    iv)   six

        e)     The people of Bangladesh and West Bengal usually prepare kanthas for ____ use.

                i)    national                    ii)   industrial                             iii)    family                               iv)   commercial

2.     Write short answer the following questions :

        (a)   What does ‘naksha’ mean?

        (b)   Where has the art of ‘Nakshi Kantha’ been practised for ages?

        (c)   What materials are required to prepare Nakshi Kanthas?

        (d)   When did the name ‘Nakshi Kantha’ become popular?

        (e)   Why are ‘Nakshi Kanthas’ in great demands?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (iii) native; (b) (iii) embroidered quilt; (c) (i) poet; (d) (iv) six; (e) (iii) family.

2.     (a)   ‘Nakasha’ means artistic pattern.

        (b)   The art of ‘Nakshi Kantha’ has been practised in rural Bengal for ages.

        (c)   Old or new cloth and thread are required to prepare Nakshi kanthas.

        (d)   The name ‘Nakshi Kantha’ became popular after the poet Jasimuddin’s poem ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math was published in 1929.

        (e)   The ‘Nakshi Kanthas’ are in great demand for the colourful patterns and design.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 4

1.     Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        a)     ____ are most famous for the craft.

                i)    Mymensingh, Dhaka                                                 ii)     Rajshahi, Rangpur

                iii)  Mymensingh, Jessore                                                 iv)   Bogra, Pabna

        b)     Nakshi Kanthas are a kind of–

                i)    cloth                          ii)   quilt                                      iii)    embroidered quilt           iv)   Shitol Pati

        c)     What does the word ‘pattern’ mean?

                i)    step by step              ii)   series                                    iii)    artistic design                  iv)   handmade work

        d)     What are used to make these quilt?

                i)    New cloth                                                                     ii)     Old cloth

                iii)  Polymer thread                                                            iv)   Any type of cloth and thread

        e)     Where has the art been practised?

                i)    Large cities               ii)   Urban area                         iii)    Rural area                        iv)   Rich family

2.     Give short answer the following questions :

        (a)   What does “naksha” mean?

        (b)   How did it become famous?

        (c)   Do you like a Nakshi Kantha or an ordinary kantha? Why?

        (d)   Why are they in great demand?

        (e)   In cities, where do we get them?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (iii) Mymensingh, Jessore; (b) (iii) embroidered quilt; (c) (iii) artistic design; (d) (iv) Any type of cloth and thread; (e) (iii) Rural area.

2.     (a)   “Naksha” means artistic pattern.

        (b)   Poet Jasimuddin’s poem “Nakshi Kanthar Math” made it famous.

        (c)   I like Nakshi Kantha for its colourful patterns and designs.

        (d)   They are in great demand for the colourful patterns and designs.

        (e)   We get them in many expensive handicraft shops in cities.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 5

1.     Guess the meaning of the following words. Choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   kind

                i. sympathetic                       ii. sort                                     iii. sympathy                         iv. benevolent

        (b)   pattern

                i. decoration                          ii. design                                 iii. mark                                 iv. embellishment

        (c)   indigenous

                i. indigestion                          ii. native                         iii. indigestible                       iv. indignant

        (d)   thread

                i. yarn                                     ii. threat                                 iii. yard                                   iv. field

        (e)   traditional

                i. rule                                      ii. custom                               iii. conventional                   iv. convention

2.     Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What is Nakshi kantha?

        (b)   Nakshi kantha is a traditional craft of Bangladesh and India. How?

        (c)   Where has the art been practised?

        (d)   What are the traditional kanthas made?

        (e)   Describe its commercial value.

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (ii) sort; (b) (ii) design; (c) (ii) native; (d) (i) yarn; (e) (iii) conventional.

2.     (a)   Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt.

        (b)   Yes, it is. The art of Nakshi kantha has been practiced in rural areas of Bangladesh and West Bengal in India for centuries.

        (c)   The art has been practiced in rural Bengal.

        (d)   The traditional kanthas are made for family use.

        (e)   Nakshi kantha is produced commercially because we can find them in many expensive handicraft shops in cities.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 6

1.     Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning.

        (a)   kind

                i. sympathetic                       ii. sort                                     iii. sympathy                         iv. benevolent

        (b)   indigenous

                i. indigestion                          ii. native                                 iii. indigestible                       iv. indignant

        (c)   traditional

                i. rule                                      ii. custom                       iii. conventional                   iv. convention

        (d)   thread

                i. yarn                                     ii. threat                                 iii. yard                                   iv. field

        (e)   famous

                i. renowned                           ii. notorious                           iii. famine                              iv. fume

2.     Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What is Nakshi kantha?

        (b)   How long has the ar been practised?

        (c)   Why was the name popular?

        (d)   Why are traditional kanthas made?

        (e)   Why are the quilts now in great demand?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (ii) sort; (b) (ii) native; (c) (iii) conventional; (d) (i) yarn; (e) (i) renowned.

2.     (a)   Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt.

        (b)   The art has been practised for centuries.

        (c)   The name was popular because it is related to poet Jasimuddin’s poem “Nakshi Kanthar Math”.

        (d)   The traditional kanthas are made for family use.

        (e)   The quilts are now in great demand for its colourful patterns and designs embroidered on them.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 7

1.     Guess the meaning of the following words. Choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   embroidered

                i. embellished                        ii. patterned                           iii. coloured                           iv. decoration

        (b)   traditional

                i. unusual                               ii. modern                              iii. innovative                        iv. conventional

        (c)   pattern

                i. figure                                   ii. plan                                    iii. design                                iv. motif

        (d)   indigenous

                i. indigestion                          ii. native                                 iii. indigestible                       iv. indignant

        (e)   famous

                i. fame                                   ii. known                                iii. well-known                      iv. extraordinary

2.     Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What is ‘Nakshi kantha’?

        (b)   How is it made?

        (c)   Why are the quilts now in great demand?

        (d)   How long has this been practised?

        (e)   Why are the traditional kanthas made?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (i) embellished; (b) (iv) conventional; (c) (iii) design; (d) (ii) native; (e) (iii) well-known.

2.    (a)   Nakshi kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt.

        (b)   Old or new cloth and thread are used to make this quilt.

        (c)   The quilts are now in great demand for their colourful patterns and designs embroidered on them.

        (d)   This art has been practised for centuries.

        (e)   The traditional kanthas are made for family use.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 8

1.     Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   pattern

                i. design                                  ii. cloth                                   iii. picture                               iv. portrait

        (b)   craft

                i. a device                              ii. asset                                   iii. art                                      iv. property

        (c)   indigenous

                i. familiar                               ii. foreign                               iii. native                                iv. artificial

        (d)   expensive

                i. costly                                  ii. cheap                                 iii. different                           iv. excellent

        (e)   demand

                i. price                                    ii. need                                   iii. popularity                        iv. familiarity

2.     Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What is ‘Nakshi kantha’?

        (b)   From when has the art of Nakshi kantha been practised?

        (c)   How did the name Nakshi kantha become popular?

        (d)   Which districts are most popular for Nakshi kantha?

        (e)   What are used to make Nakshi kantha?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (i) design; (b) (iii) art; (c) (iii) native; (d) (i) costly; (e) (ii) need.

2.     (a)   Nakshi kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt.

        (b)   The art has been practised for centuries.

        (c)   The name was popular after poet Jasimuddin’s poem “Nakshi kanthar Math” had been published.

        (d)   Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are most popular for this craft.

        (e)   Old or new cloth and thread are used to make Nakshi Kantha.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 9

1.     Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   Which of the closest meaning of pattern?

                i. Artistic                                ii. Patternal                            iii. Design                               iv. View

        (b)   Nakshi kantha is the ____ of our rural women.

                i. pride                                    ii. rule                                     iii. balk of their tradition     iv. simple tradition

        (c)   Nakshi kantha became popular ____ 1929.

                i. after                                    ii. before                                iii. in                                        iv. with

        (d)   “Popular” means ____.

                i. favourite                            ii. disgusting                          iii. disliked                             iv. liked

        (e)   “The quilts are now in great demand” what does the statement mean?

                i. It is used more than ever before                                    ii. It has become less popular

                iii. It is expensive                                                                 iv. It is less expensive than before

2.     Answer to the following questions.

        (a)   What is Nakshi kantha?

        (b)   Where was Nakshi kantha originated from?

        (c)   Why is this kantha made for?

        (d)   Who is Jasimuddin?

        (e)   How long is the tradition of Nakshi kantha carried down?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (iii) Design; (b) (i) pride; (c) (i) after; (d) (i) favourite; (e) (i) It is used more than ever before.

2.     (a)   Nakshi Kantha is a kind of embroidered quilt.

        (b)  The name ‘Nakshi kantha’ was originated from the Bengali word “naksha” meaning artistic pattern.

        (c)  The kanthas are made for family use.

        (d)  Jasimuddin is famous Bangladeshi poet.

        (e)  The tradition of Nakshi kantha is carried down is rural Bengal for centuries.

3.     Same as Set 1

Set 10

1.     Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   ‘Nakshi Kanthar Math’ is a ____ by Jasimuddin.

                i. novel                                   ii. poem                                  iii. satire                                 iv. drama

        (b)   Nakshi kantha is one kind of ____.

                i. dress                                    ii. toy                                      iii. quilt                                   iv. book

        (c)   The word ‘naksha’ refers to ____.

                i. new pattern                        ii. artistic pattern                  iii. old pattern                       iv. best pattern

        (d)   The name ‘Nakshi kantha’ was taken from ____ word.

                i. English                                ii. Arabic                                iii. French                               iv. Bengali

        (e)   ‘Nakshi kantha’ is a ____ art in our country.

                i. popular                               ii. unpopular                         iii. urban                                iv. foreign

2.     Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What things are used to make ‘Nakshi Kanta’?

        (b)   Where can people find it?

        (c)   How old is the art?

        (d)   Which areas are famous for ‘Nakshi kantha’?

        (e)   Why do people like ‘Nakshi kantha’?

3.     Summarize the passage in around 50/85 words.

 Answer 

1.     (a)   (ii) poem; (b) (iii) quilt; (c) (ii) artistic pattern; (d) (iv) Bengali; (e) (i) popular.

2.     (a)   Old or new clothes and thread are used to make ‘Nakshi Kantha’.

        (b)   People can find it in many expensive handicraft shops in cities.

        (c)   The art has been practised in rural Bengal for centuries.

        (d)   Mymensingh, Jamalpur, Rajshahi, Faridpur, Bogra and Jessore are famous for ‘Nakshi kantha’.

        (e)   People like it for its colourful patterns and designs embroidered on it.

3.     Same as Set 1

Passage 2: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3. (Unit–1, Lesson–03)

The ethnic people in Bangladesh hold a very important place in the culture of the country. The majority of these people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

The others live in the regions of Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet.

They live in forest areas, in the hills and in the rural areas.They practise Jhum cultivation.

They clear a piece of land in the forest, prepare it and sow seeds in it.

They are mostly farmers. By religion they are Hindus, Christians or Buddhists.They speak their own mother tongues.Some of them are the Chakmas, the Marmans, the Tipperas and the Moorangs who live in the Hill Tracts.The Santals live in Rajshahi.The Khasias and the Monipuries live in Sylhet and the Hajangs and the Garos in Mymensingh.

Set 1

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   rural

  1. urban ii. town                                   iii. pastoral                            iv. municipal

        (b)   tribal

  1. local ii. national                      iii. ethnic                                iv. regional

        (c)   practise

  1. to do an activity ii. polish                         iii. refine                                 iv. rehearse

        (d)   hunt

  1. seek ii. chase an animal to catch

            iii. catch                                                                                 iv. fasten

        (e)   staple

  1. main ii. urgent                                 iii. important                         iv. significant
  2. answers the following questions.

        (a)   Where can we find the Marmans?

        (b)   What language do the ethnic people speak?

        (c)   Where do the ethnic people do the Jhum cultivation?

        (d)   What is the main food of the ethnic people?

        (e)   What do the ethnic women weave?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) pastoral; (b) (iii) ethnic; (c) (i) to do an activity; (d) (ii) chase an animal to catch; (e) (i) main.
  2. (a) We can find the Marmans in the Hill Tracts.

        (b)   The ethnic people speak their own language.

        (c)   The ethnic people do the Jhum cultivation in the forest areas.

        (d)   Rice is the main food of the ethnic people.

        (e)   The ethnic women weave their own clothes.

  1. The ethnic people hold a very important place in the culture of our country. They live in forest areas, in the hills and in the rural areas. They practise Jhum cultivation. By religion they are Hindus, Christians or Buddhists. They are called Chakmas, the Marmans, the Tipperas, the Moorangs the Santals, the Khasias the Monipuries and the Garos. They speak their own language. They love to practise their own tradition.

Set 2

  1. Choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   hold

  1. secure ii. possess                               iii. have                                  iv. acquire

        (b)   ethnic

  1. pagan ii. inhabitant                         iii. people                               iv. jews

        (c)   forest

  1. jungle ii. bush                                   iii. wood                                 iv. river

        (d)   sow

  1. plant ii. harvest                               iii. ripe                                    iv. land

        (e)   religion

  1. a faith of worship ii. practice                              iii. faith                                  iv. pious
  2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   Who are the ethnic people? Name some of them.

        (b)   What is the main occupation? How do they do it?

        (c)   Where do their majority of them live? How do they speak?

        (d)   Which ethnic group live in Hill Tracts?

        (e)   Where do the Santal and Hajangs live?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) possess; (b) (i) pagan; (c) (iii) wood; (d) (i) plant; (e) (i) a faith of worship.
  2. (a) Namely Chakmas, the Marmars, the Tipperas and the Moorangs are ethnic people. They live in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Mymensingh, Rajshahi and Sylhet.

        (b)   Jhum cultivation is their main occupation. They clear a piece of land in the forest, prepare it and sow seeds in it.

        (c)   The majority of these people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. They speak their own languages.

        (d)   Ethnic group namely the Chakmas, the Marmans, the Tipperas and the Moorangs live in Hill Tracts.

        (e)   The Santals live in Rajshahi and the Hajangs live in Mymensingh.

  1. Same as Set 1

Passage 3: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–1, Lesson–04)

Most of these ethnic people living in Bangladesh have some common characteristics.They have their own lifestyles. They build their houses on bamboo or wooden platforms called ‘machang’.

Rice is their staple food.They eat vegetables, maize and fish, poultry and meat.Their kitchen utensils are bamboo, wooden and earthen pots which they make themselves.Men wear lungis and women wear thamis or sarongs and angis.Women weave their own clothes.Hunting and fishing are their favourite pastimes.They are fond of songs, music, dances, theatre and fairs.Traditional musical instruments used are bugles made from buffalo horns, drums  and bambo flutes.Wrestling is a popular sport for them.

 Set 1

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   Ethnic people are the ____ in Bangladesh.

  1. majority ii. largest part                        iii. minority                            iv. greatest part

        (b)   The term ‘staple food’ means ____.

  1. favourite food                   ii. rich food                            iii. fast food                          iv. main food

        (c)   Their kitchen utensils are made by ____.

  1. outsiders                             ii. themselves                        iii. foreigners                         iv. others

        (d)   Hunting is ____ favourite pastimes of the ethnic people.

  1. one ii. one of the                          iii. the only                            iv. only

        (e)   They ____ songs, music, dances, theatre and fairs.

  1. dislike ii. make                                  iii. sing                                    iv. like
  2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What is machang?

        (b)   What is the staple food of ethnic people?

        (c)   What do their men wear?

        (d)   What are their traditional musical instruments?

        (e)   What is their popular sport?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 50 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) minority; (b) (iv) main food; (c) (ii) themselves; (d) (ii) one of the; (e) (iv) like.
  2. (a) Machang is the house of the ethnic people, built on bamboo or wooden platforms.

        (b)   The staple food of ethnic people is rice.

        (c)   Their men wear lungis.

        (d)   Their traditional musical instruments are bugles made from buffalo horns, drums and bamboo flutes.

        (e)   Their popular sport is wrestling.

  1. Most of the ethnic people living in Bangladesh have their own lifestyles. They live in machang built on bamboo or wooden platforms. Their staple food is rice. They eat vegetables, maize, fish, poultry and meat. Hunting and fishing are their favourite pastimes. They are fond of songs, music, dance etc. Wrestling is their popular sport.

Passage 4: ad the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–1, Lesson–05)

Bangladeshi cuisine is rich and varied with the use of many spices.

We have delicious and appetizing food, snacks and sweets.Boiled rice is our staple food. It is served              with a variety of vegetables, curry, lentil soups, fish and meat. Fish is the main source of protein. Fishes are now cultivated in ponds. Also we have fresh-water fishes in the lakes and rivers. More than 40 types of fishes are common. Some of them are carp, rui, katla, magur (catfish), chingri (prawn or shrimp). Shutki or dried fishes are popular. Hilsha is very popular among the people of Bangladesh. Panta ilish is     a traditional platter of Panta bhat. It is steamed rice soaked in water and served with fried hislsha slice, often together with dried fish, pickles, lentil soup, green chilies and onion. It is a popular dish on the Pahela Boishakh. The people of Bangladesh are very fond of sweets. Almost all Bangladeshi women prepare some traditional sweets. Pitha, a type of sweets made from rice flour, sugar, syrup, molasses and sometimes milk, is a traditional food loved by the entire population. During winter Pitha Utsab, meaning pitha festival is organized by different groups of people. Sweets are distributed among close relatives when there is good news like births, wedding, promotions, etc. Sweets of Bangladesh are mostly milk-based. The common ones are roshgulla, sandesh, rasamalai, gulap jamun, kalo jamun and chom-chom. There are hundreds of different varieties of sweet preparations. Sweets are therefore an important part of the day-to-day life of Bangladeshi people.

Set 1

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   The use of many spices ____ made Bangladeshi cuisine rich.

  1. have ii. has                                      iii. is                                        iv. are

        (b)   Our foods are very ____.

                (i) bitter                                  ii. sour                                    iii. pungent                            iv. tasty

        (c)   Boiled rice is our ____ food.

  1. main ii. popular                              iii. unpopular                        iv. favourite

        (d)   Fish is the ____ source of protein.

  1. only ii. main                                   iii. subsidiary                         iv. minor

        (e)   ____ is a very popular fish to our people.

                i Carp                                     ii. Rui                                      iii. Hilsha                               iv. Magur

  1. Give short answers to the following questions.

        (a)   How are our Bangladeshi food?

        (b)   What is our staple food?

        (c)   How is our staple food served?

        (d)   What has made Bangladeshi food special?

        (e)   Where do we get the fishes from?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) has; (b) (iv) tasty; (c) (i) main; (d) (ii) main; (e) (iii) Hilsha.
  2. (a) Bangladeshi foods are delicious and appetizing.

        (b)   Our staple food is boiled rice.

        (c)   Our staple food-boiled rice is served with a variety of vegetables, curry, lentil soups, fish and meat.

        (d)   The use of many spices has made Bangladeshi food special.

        (e)   We get the fishes in the ponds, lakes and rivers.

  1. Bangladeshi cuisine is rich and varied with the use of many spices. It tastes delicious and appetizing. Boiled rice is the main cuisine which is the staple food of Bangladeshi people. It is served with vegetables, curry, lentil soups, fish and meat. Again Panta ilish is a popular dish on the occasion of Pohela Boishakh. Besides, ‘Pitha’ a type of sweets made from rice, flour, sugar syrup, molasses and sometimes milk, is a traditional food loved by the entire population. Various kinds of sweets are distributed among the friends and relatives when there is a good news.

Set 2

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   Bangladeshi cuisine is ____.

  1. spicy ii. boring                                 iii. disgusting                         iv. dull

        (b)   The use of many spices ____ made Bangladeshi cuisine rich.

  1. have                                    ii. has                                      iii. is                                        iv. are

        (c)   What does the word ‘often’ refer to?

  1. Hardly                                ii. Slowly                                iii. Frequently                        iv. Basically

        (d)   Boiled rice is our ____ food.

  1. main ii. popular                              iii. unpopular                        iv. favourite

        (e)   “Sweets are distributed among ‘close’ relatives when there is good news.” What does the word ‘close’ mean here?

  1. Near in distance ii. Stop                                    iii. Near in relationship        iv. Shut
  2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What is our food item?

        (b)   Why are sweets an important part of our life?

        (c)   What has made Bangladeshi food so special?

        (d)   Apart from fish, what other foods do we eat with rice?

        (e)   How is boiled rice served?

  1. Summarize the text in section A in your own words (around 85 words).

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) spicy; (b) (ii) has; (c) (iii) fequently; (d) (i) main; (e) (iii) Near in relationship.
  2. (a) We have delicious and appetizing food, snacks and sweets. Besides we have a variety of vegetables and more than 40 types of fishes.

        (b)   Sweets are important part of our life because sweets are distributed among close relatives when there is good news like births, weddings, promotions etc.

        (c)   Bangladeshi food has been made so special because Bangladeshi cuisine is rich and varied with the use of many spices.

        (d)   Apart from fish, we eat rice with curry, lentil soups and meat.

        (e)   Boiled rice is served with a variety of vegetables.

Passage 5: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–3, Lesson–01)

Health is the condition of our body and mind. It may be good or bad. Good health means healthy body free from diseases. It is essential for everyone to lead a happy life. If we are not in good health, we cannot concentrate on any activity in our life.

A proverb goes, ‘Health is Wealth.’ It means health is equally valuable as gold or any other personal possessions. We may have vast wealth and property, but if we are not healthy we cannot enjoy them.

To keep ourselves healthy, we have to do certain things. We have to eat a balanced diet. We must exercise regularly to keep our body fit for work.

There is an old saying:

Early to bed and early to rise.

Makes a person healthy, wealthy and wise.’

So we must not keep late hours. We should go to bed early at night and rise early in the morning. Peace of mind is another condition for good health. So we must not worry over small things of life.

Set 1

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text :

a) Peace:

i) happiness                 ii)   chaos                                   iii)    noise                                 iv)   conflict

b) Property:

i) wealth                       ii)   health                                  iii)    quality                              iv)   estate

c) balanced:

i) expensive food                                                           ii)     diet

iii)  delicious                                                                       iv)   in equal or proper amounts

d) Vast:

i) little                           ii)   meagre                                iii)    huge                                  iv)   scanty

e) Proverb:

i) wise saying               ii)   any statment                      ii)     false statement               iv)   related to verb

2. Answer the following questions :

a) Why is good health essential for us?

b) Why is physical exercise necessary?

c) Why is health compared to gold?

d) What does the proverb advise us?

e) What two things are the preconditions of good health?

3. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) happiness; (b) (iv) estate; (c) (iv) in equal or proper amounts; (d) (iii) huge; (e) (i) wise saying.
  2. (a) Good health is essential for us to lead a happy life.

        (b) Physical exercise is necessary to keep our body fit for work.

        (c)  Health is compared to gold because good health is the first condition to enjoy other weelth. we cannot concentrate on any activity in our life.

        (d) The proverb advises us that a good health is more valuable than any other personal possession.

        (e)  Early to bed and early to rise are the preconditions good health.

  1. Good health means the good condition of our body and mind. It is essential for everyone to lead a happy. To obtain good health, we should to eat a balanced diet, take proper exercise, go to bed early and rise early. We, should also be free from anxieties. Good health also brings mental peace and removes fatigue.

Set 2

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   condition

i. circumstance ii. state                                   iii. law                                     iv. rule

        (b)   essential

i. indispensable ii. imaginary                          iii. compulsory                      iv. needed

        (c)   lead

i. make ii. carry                          iii. maintain                           iv. meet

        (d)   concentrate on

i. pay attention to ii. be careless                         iii. be careful                         iv. to deposit

        (e)   valuable

i. worthless ii. worthy                               iii. vulnerable                        iv. appreciate

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What is the condition of our body and mind?

        (b)   Why is physical exercise necessary?

        (c)   What does good health mean?

        (d)   Why is good health essential for us?

        (e)   Should we eat a balanced diet?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) state; (b) (i) indispensable; (c) (iii) maintain; (d) (i) pay attention to; (e) (ii) worthy.
  2. (a) Health is the condition of our body and mind.

        (b)   Physical exercise is necessary to keep ourselves fit.

        (c)   Good health means healthy body free from diseases.

        (d)   Good health is essential for us to lead a happy life.

        (e)   Yes, we should. eat a balanced diet to keep ourselves healthy.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 3

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   vast

i. little ii. huge                                   iii. law                                     iv. cosmic

        (b)   essential

i. indispensable ii. imaginary                          iii. compulsory                      iv. needed

        (c)   lead

i. make ii. carry                          iii. maintain                           iv. meet

        (d)   concentrate on

i. pay attention to ii. be careless                         iii. be careful                         iv. to deposit

        (e)   valuable

i. worthless ii. worthy                               iii. vulnerable                        iv. appreciabl

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What is required for a happy life?

        (b)   What does good health mean?

        (c)   Why is good health essential for us?

        (d)   Why is physical exercise necessary?

        (e)   Should we eat a balanced diet? If yes, why?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) huge; (b) (i) indispensable; (c) (iii) maintain; (d) (i) pay attention to; (e) (ii) worthy.
  2. (a) Good health is required for a happy life.

        (b)   Good health means healthy body free from diseases.

        (c)   Good health is essential for us to lead a happy life.

        (d)   Physical exercise is necessary to keep our body fit for work.

        (e)   Yes, we should eat a balanced diet because without eating a balanced diet, we cannot be healthy.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 4

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   essential

i. unnecessary ii. imperative                         iii. optional                            iv. voluntary

        (b)   vast

i. enormous                           ii. small                                  iii. city                                    iv. compressed

        (c)   happy

i. infernal                               ii. tormenting                        iii. afflicting                           iv. blissful

        (d)   wealthy

i. opulent ii. impoverished                    iii. miserable                          iv. deplorable

        (e)   worry

i. solicitude ii. fortitude                            iii. gratification                     iv. relief

2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What do you understand by health?

        (b)   Why is good health essential?

        (c)   What happens if we are unhealthy?

        (d)   What should we do to keep ourselves healthy?

        (e)   What should we avoid to maintain good health?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) imperative; (b) (i) enormous; (c) (iv) blissful; (d) (i) opulent; (e) (i) solicitude.
  2. (a) Health is the condition of our body and mind.

        (b)   Good health is essential for us to lead a happy life.

        (c)   If we are unhealthy, we cannot concentrate on any activity in our life.

        (d)   To keep ourselves healthy, we should eat a balanced diet and take physical exercise regularly.

        (e)   To maintain good health, we should not worry over small things of life.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 5

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   Health means the condition of ___.

i. our body ii. our mind                            iii. our body and mind        iv. our environment

        (b)   To lead a happy life everyone needs ____.

i. money ii. good health                       iii. rich food                           iv. good shelter

        (c)   The word ‘concentrate’ most closely means ____.

i. to pay attention ii. to consider                        iii. to converse                      iv. to show indifference

        (d)   A healthy person is one who ____.

i. is physically and mentally sound ii. eats good food

                iii. has a lot of wealth                                                          iv. is overweight

        (e)   To keep ourselves healthy, we have to take ____.

i. rich food ii. lots of food                       iii. little food                          iv. a balanced food

2. Give short answer to the following questions.

        (a)   What is meant by health?

        (b)   What do we need to lead a happy life?

        (c)   What does the proverb “Health is wealth” mean?

        (d)   Why is physical exercise necessary?

        (e)   Why should we take a balanced diet?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) our body and mind; (b) (ii) good health; (c) (i) to pay attention; (d) (i) is physically and mentally sound; (e) (iv) a balanced food.
  2. (a) Health means the soundness of body and mind.

        (b)   We need good health to lead a happy life.

        (c)   It means health is equally valuable as any other personal possessions.

        (d)   Physical exercise is necessary for keeping our body fit for work.

        (e)   We should take a balanced diet to keep ourselves healthy.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 6

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   concentrate

i. bestow ii. offer                                   iii. contemplate                    iv. wander

        (b)   valuable

i. precious                              ii. impudent                           iii. worthless                          iv. insolent

        (c)   essential

i. good                                    ii. optional                             iii. necessary                         iv. personal

        (d)   wise

i. prudent ii. gentle                                 iii. inhabitant                        iv. critical

        (e)   condition

i. environment ii. society                               iii. state                                  iv. situation

2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What does good health mean?

        (b)   What do we need to lead a happy life?

        (c)   Why is physical exercise necessary?

        (d)   What does the proverb “Health is wealth” mean?

        (e)   What do you understand by a ‘balanced diet’?

  1. Summarize the above passage in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) contemplate; (b) (i) precious; (c) (iii) necessary; (d) (i) prudent; (e) (iii) state.
  2. (a) Good health means a sound body and a sound mind.

        (b)   We need healthy body free from diseases to lead a happy life.

        (c)   Physical exercise is necessary to keep ourselves fit.

        (d)   The proverb ‘Health is wealth’ means health is as important as wealth. Moreover, a healthy person can be wealthy easily.

        (e)   A balanced diet means food which ideally contains all the elements necessary for good health.

  1. Same as Set 1

Passage 6: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–3, Lesson–03)

The word ‘hygiene’ means the practice of keeping ourselves clean. It also means to keep our home and work places clean. It is important for our good health. Hygiene is thought to be next to godliness. It is because we cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually if we are unclean in our body, mind and soul. Nobody likes an unclean person either. So we must follow the rules of hygiene.

First, we must keep our body clean. We should have a bath every day and wash our hair regularly. This will keep the body and hair free from dirt and bacteria.

Secondly, we should always wash our clothes regularly. Dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs. We should wear socks and shoes when we go out to protect our feet from dust and germs. It is also important to wash our hands before meals and after using the toilet.

We should rush our teeth twice a day, after breakfast and supper. We must also cut our nails regularly. Our drinking water must be pure. We can get pure water by boiling and filtering.

Finally, we should keep our surroundings and environment clean.

If we do and follow all the above things properly, we will be able to lead a healthy and happy life.

Set 1

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternative :

a) Hygiene is ___ for our good health.

i) good                          ii)   essential                              iii)    injurious                           iv)   harmful

b) Hygiene is thought to be next to–

i) godliness                   ii)   creativeness                        iii)    holiness                            iv)   atheism

c) Everybody ___ an unclean person.

i) wants                        ii)   adores                                  iii)    likes                                   iv)   dislikes

d) Putting on shoes ____

i) invites                       ii)   prevents                              iii)    creates                              iv)   removes

e) We should brush our teeth ____ a day.

i) four times                 ii)   thrice                                    iii)    once                                  iv)   twice

2. Give short answers to the following questions :

a) What does hygiene mean?

b) How can we keep ourselves clean and bacteria free?

c) What kind of water should we drink?

d) What should we do before meals and after using toilet?

e) Why should we keep our environment clean?

2. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) essential; (b) (i) godliness; (c) (iv) dislikes; (d) (ii) prevents; (e) (iv) twice.
  2. (a) Hygiene means the practice of keeping our body, home and work place clean.

        (b)   We can keep ourselves clean and bacteria free by taking bath everyday and washing our hair regularly.

        (c)   We should drink pure water.

        (d)   We should wash our hand before meals and after using toilet.

        (e)   We should keep our environment clean to lead a healthy life.

  1. Hygiene means the practice of keeping our body, home and work place clean. It is very important for us. We should have a bath everyday, brush twice daily, wash clothes and cut nails regularly. By following these, we can lead a healthy and happy life.

Set 2

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

a) ‘Spiritually’ means ___.

i) wholly                       ii)   purely                                  iii)    divinely                            iv)   nicely

b) ‘Wear’ means ____.

i) put off                      ii)   put by                                  iii)    put on                               iv)   put in

c) Which of the following is the example of hygiene?

i) to take bath in a dirty pond                                      ii)     to keep hair uncombed

                iii)  to wear shoes                                                               iv)   to keep our room dirty

d) Which of the following is pure drinking water?

i) drain water               ii)   boiled water                        iii)    pond water                      iv)   river water

e) The word ‘dirt’ refers to ____.

i) filth                            ii)   fire                                        iii)    fume                                 iv)   smoke

2. Give short answers to the following questions :

a) What do you understand by the word ‘hygiene’?

b) When is it important to wash our hands?

c) How can we observe the rules of health?

d) Why should we keep our environment clean?

e) How can we get pure drinking water?

2. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) divinely; (b) (iii) put on; (c) (iii) to wear shoes; (d) (ii) boiled water; (e) (i) filth.
  2. (a) The word ‘hygiene’ means the practice of keeping our body, home and work place clean.

        (b)   It is important to wash our hands before meals and after using toilet.

        (c)   We can observe the rules of health by bathing everyday, by washing clothes regularly and keeping our surroundings and environment clean.

        (d)   We should keep our environment clean to lead a healthy and happy life.

        (e)   We can get pure drinking water by boiling and filtering it.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 3

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

a) The word ‘hygiene’ is related with ____.

i) happiness                 ii)   unhappiness                       iii)    cleanliness                       iv)   truthfulness

b) ‘Clean’ refers to ___.

i) dirty                           ii)   dirt-free                               iii)    foregone                           iv)   desire

c) Hygiene is important for ____.

i) earning money        ii)   getting job                           iii)    doing work                       iv)   preserving good health

d) What does the word ‘important’ mean?

i) Developed                ii)   Drevious                              iii)    Significant                       iv)   Authorised

e) Who is not liked by anyone?

i) A healthy person    ii)   A rich man                          iii)    An unclean person         iv)   An unhealthy person

2. Answer the following questions :

a) What can be a hotbed of germs?

b) How many times should we brush our teeth a day?

c) What kind of water should we drink?

d) What does hygiene mean?

e) How can we get pure water?

2. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) clealniness; (b) (ii) dirt-free; (c) (iv) preserving good health; (d) (iii) Significant; (e) (iii) An unclean person.
  2. (a) Our surroundings and environment can be a hotbed of germs.

        (b)   We should brush our teeth twice a day.

        (c)   We should drink pure water.

        (d)   Hygiene means cleanliness.

        (e)   We can get pure water by boiling and filtering.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 4

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   Hygiene is ___ for our good health.

i. bad ii. essential                             iii. god                                    iv. harmful

        (b)   Everybody ___ an unclean person.

i. hates ii. likes                                    iii. dislikes                              iv. adorn

        (c)   We must ___ by the rules of hygiene.

i. disobey ii. follow                         iii. live                                     iv. abide

        (d)   Our environment should be ____ clean.

i. kept ii. keep                                   iii. keeping                             iv. to keep

        (e)   We ___ to keep our body clean.

i. bath ii. bathe                                  iii. sleep                                  iv. take exercise

2. Write short answer to the following questions.

        (a)   What does the word hygiene mean?

        (b)   What is thought to be godliness?

        (c)   Why is hygiene important?

        (d)   Why should we wash our clothes regularly?

        (e)   How will we be able to lead a healthy and happy life?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) essential; (b) (iii) dislikes; (c) (iv) abide; (d) (i) kept; (e) (ii) bathe.
  2. (a) The word hygiene means the practice of keeping ourselves, our home and workplaces clean.

        (b)   To maintain the rules of hygiene is thought to be godliness.

        (c)   Hygiene is important because we cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually if we don’t follow the rules of hygiene.

        (d)   We should wash our clothes regularly because dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs.

        (e)   We will be able to lead a healthy and happy life by following the rules of hygiene.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 5

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   ‘Hygiene’ means____.

  1. practice of keeping aloof from cleanliness ii. practice of keeping ourselves clean

                iii. practice of eating healthy food                                   iv. practice of keeping untidy

        (b)   Hygiene is ____ to our health.

i. detrimental ii. injurious                            iii. inimical                             iv. advantageous

        (c)   Hygiene is thought to be next to ____.

  1. godliness ii. creativeness                      iii. holiness                             iv. atheism

        (d)   We can’t achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually ____ we are clean.

i. if ii. however                             iii. whether                             iv. unless

        (e)   Our drinking water must be ____.

i. refresh ii. polluted                             iii. untreated                          iv. uncontaminated

2. Answer to the following questions.

        (a)   Why is hygiene important?

        (b)   What happens to an unclean person?

        (c)   How can we keep our body clean?

        (d)   When is it important to wash our hands?

        (e)   Why should we keep our surroundings and environment clean?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (i) (b) practice of keeping ourselves clean; (ii) (d) advantageous; (iii) (a) godliness; (iv) (d) unless;
    (v) (d) uncontaminated.
  2. (a) Hygiene is important because it helps us maintain good health.

        (b)   An unclean person cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually. Moreover nobody likes an unclean person.

        (c)   We can keep our body clean by having a bath everyday and washing our hair regularly.

        (d)   It is important to wash our hands before meals and after using the toilet.

        (e)   We should keep our surroundings and environment clean to lead a healthy and happy life.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 6

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text :

        (a)   happy

i. shocked ii. gloomy                              iii. cheerful                            iv. hobby

        (b)   pure

i. costly ii. valuable                            iii. rare                                    iv. uncontaminated

        (c)   protect

i. ruin ii. devastate                          iii. preserve                            iv. destroy

        (d)   dirt

i. cool ii. liquid thing                        iii. filth                                    iv. solid thing

        (e)   follow

i. observe ii. disturb                                iii. avoid                                 iv. hurt

2. Answer to the following questions :

        (a)   How many times and when should we brush our teeth daily?

        (b)   Why is hygiene important?

        (c)   What happens to an unclean person?

        (d)   Why should we wash our clothes regularly?

        (e)   What do the dirty clothes produce?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) cheerful; (b) (iv) uncontaminated; (c) (iii) preserve; (d) (iii) filth; (e) (i) observe.
  2. (a) We should brush our teeth two times a day, after breakfast and supper.

        (b)   Hygiene is important for our good health.

        (c)   An unclean person cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually. Moreover, nobody likes him.

        (d)   We should wash our clothes regularly because if we do not do so, they will become dirty.

        (e)   The dirty clothes produce bad smell and invite germs.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 7

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   What is important for our good health?

i. Comfort ii. Hygiene                             iii. Friends                              iv. Unknown

        (b)   ‘Hygiene’ is thought to be next to ____.

i. Holiness ii. Goodness                          iii. Godliness                          iv. Cleanliness

        (c)   When should we brush our teeth?

i. Before breakfast                                                 ii. Before and after breakfast

                iii. After breakfast and supper                                          iv. Every time we wake up

        (d)   ‘Practice’ refers to ____.

i. habit ii. practise                              iii. divide                                iv. exercise

        (e)   ‘Thought’ stands for ____.

i. idea ii. guessed                              iii. regarded                           iv. estimated

2. Give short answers to the following questions.

        (a)   What does hygiene mean?

        (b)   Why should we wash our clothes regularly?

        (c)   Why do we wear socks and shoes?

        (d)   How many times should we brush our teeth a day?

        (e)   How can we get pure water?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (i) (b) Hygine; (ii) (c) Godliness; (iii) (c) After breakfast and supper; (iv) (a) habit; (v) (a) idea.
  2. (a) Hygiene means cleanliness.

        (b)   We should wash our clothes regularly because dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs.

        (c)   We should wear socks and shoes to protect our feet from dust and germs.

        (d)   We should brush our teeth twice a day.

        (e)   We can get pure water by boiling and filtering.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 8

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   Hygiene is a ____ for good health.

i. necessary ii. important                          iii. must                                  iv. essential

        (b)   Unclean clothes ____ bad.

i. look ii. smell                                   iii. are                                     iv. give off

        (c)   Putting on shoes ____ germs.

i. prevents ii. invites                                iii. creates                              iv. remove

        (d)   The word ‘hygiene’ refers to ____.

i. untidy ii. cleanliness                         iii. smartness                         iv. freshness

        (e)   Filtered water is ____.

i. unsafe ii. impure                               iii. safe                                   iv. transparent

2. answer to the following questions.

        (a)   What is hygiene?

  (b)   Why is hygiene necessary?

        (c)   Why should we bathe regularly?

    (d)   How can we purify drinking water?

    (e)   When should we brush our teeth?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) must; (b) (ii) smell; (c) (i) prevents; (d) (ii) cleanliness; (e) (iii) safe.
  2. (a) Hygiene means cleanliness.

        (b)   Hygiene is necessary for our good health.

        (c)   We should bathe regularly to keep our body and hair free from dirt and bacteria.

        (d)   We can purify drinking water by boiling and filtering.

        (e)   We should brush our teeth two times a day after breakfast and supper.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 9

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   Hygiene is after ____.

i. sacredness ii. secrecy                               iii. sanctuary                         iv. purity

        (b)   The term ‘pure’ means ____.

i. neat ii. sheer                                   iii. unadulterated                  iv. all

        (c)   Cleanliness is ____ for good health.

i. exuberant ii. useless                                iii. indispensable                   iv. unnecessary

        (d)   Dirty clothes ____ bad smell.

i. absorb ii. remove                              iii. spread                               iv. attract

        (e)   An unclean person cannot ____ anything spiritually.

i. procure ii. learn                                   iii. contribute                         iv. give

2. Give short answer to the following questions.

        (a)   How can we lead a happy and healthy life?

        (b)   How is an unclean person treated?

        (c)   What does hygiene mean?

        (d)   What does a regular shower do?

        (e)   How can we get pure water?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) sacredness; (b) (iv) all; (c) (iii) indispensable; (d) (iii) spread; (e) (i) procure.
  2. (a) We can lead a happy and healthy life by following the rules of hygiene.

        (b)   An unclean person is disliked by us.

        (c)   Hygiene means cleanliness.

        (d)   A regular shower keeps run body and hair free from dirt and becteria.

        (e)   We can get pure water by boiling and filtering.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 10

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   ‘achieve means ___.

i. lose ii. forfeit                                 iii. loose                                  iv. attain

        (b)   ‘hygiene’ refers to ____.

i. untidy                                 ii. freshness                           iii. cleanliness                        iv. smartness

        (c)   ‘follow’ means ____.

i. avoid                                   ii. disobey                              iii. ignore                                iv. observe

        (d)   ‘protect’ means ____.

i. ruin ii. devastate                          iii. preserve                            iv. put off

        (e)   ‘lead’ means ___.

i. run ii. conduct                             iii. sustain                              iv. maintain

2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   How many times should we brush our teeth a day?

        (b)   Why should we wash our clothes regularly?

        (c)   What is thought to be godliness?

        (d)   What happens to an unclean person?

        (e)   How can we protect our feet from dust and germs?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iv) attain; (b) (iii) cleanliness; (c) (iv) observe; (d) (iii) preserve; (e) (iv) maintain.
  2. (a) We should brush our teeth twice a day.

        (b)   We should wash our clothes regularly because dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs.

        (c)   Hygiene is thought to be godliness.

        (d)   An unclean person is not able to lead a healthy and happy life.

        (e)   We can protect our feet from dust and germs by wearing socks and shoes.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 11

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   The term ‘hygiene’ refers to ____.

i. inaction ii. godliness                            iii. cleanliness                        iv. practice

        (b)   Cleanliness has positive impact on our ____.

i. body                                    ii. mind                                   iii. soul                                    iv. body and mind

        (c)   ‘Hygiene’ is important for ____.

i. earning money                  ii. getting job                         iii. preserving good health  iv. doing work

        (d)   What does the word “important” mean?

i. developed ii. significant                         iii. previous                            iv. authorised

        (e)   Everybody ____ a tidy person.

i. likes ii. praises                                iii. dislikes                              iv. rebukes

2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What does hygiene mean?

        (b)   Why is it important to follow the rules of cleanliness?

        (c)   What do the dirty clothes produce?

        (d)   How many times should we brush our teeth a day?

        (e)   How can we lead a happy and healthy life?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) cleanliness; (b) (iv) body and mind; (c) (iii) preserving good health; (d) (ii) significant; (e) (i) likes.
  2. (a) Hygiene means cleanliness.

        (b)   It is important to follow the rules of cleanliness because it is connected with our good health. Besides, we cannot achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually without following it.

        (c)   The dirty clothes produce bad smell.

        (d)   We should brush our teeth twice a day after breakfast and supper.

        (e)   By following the rules of hygiene, we can lead a happy and healthy life.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 12

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   hygiene

  1. cleanliness ii. purity                                 iii. sanctity                             iv. modesty

        (b)   follow

  1. reject                                   ii. avoid                                  iii. evade                                iv. adopt

        (c)   godliness

  1. sacredness                          ii. secrecy                               iii. sanctuary                         iv. purity

        (d)   finally

  1. properly ii. initially                               iii. lastly                                 iv. perfectly

        (e)   give off

  1. extinguish ii. put out                               iii. preserve                            iv. emit
  2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   What do you understand by the word, ‘hygiene’?

        (b)   Why should we keep our body clean?

        (c)   How can we observe the rules of health?

        (d)   Why should we put on clean clothes?

        (e)   How can we get pure water?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) cleanliness; (b) (iv) adopt; (c) (i) sacredness; (d) (iii) lastly; (e) (iv) emit.
  2. (a) The word, ‘hygiene’ means cleanliness.

        (b)   We should keep our body clean to remain healthy.

        (c)   We have to take a bath everyday and wash our hair regularly. We should wash our clothes daily. We should wear socks and shoes to protect our feet from dust and germs. We should wash our hands before meals and after using the toilet. We should brush our teeth twice a day. Thus we can observe the rules of health.

        (d)   We should put on clean clothes to protect ourselves from germs.

        (e)   We can get pure water by boiling and filtering.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 13

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   We can get pure water by ____.

i. boiling ii. filtering                              iii. boiling and filtering        iv. none of the above

        (b)   Which of the following words have the closest meaning of the word ‘give off?

i. Retain                                 ii. Keep                                   iii. Emit                                  iv. Contain

        (c)   An unclean person cannot _____ anything spiritually.

i. wait ii. gain                                    iii. buy                                    iv. take

        (d)   Which of the following words have the closest meaning of the word ‘Protect’?

i. Preserve ii. Ruin                                   iii. Devastate                         iv. Destroy

        (e)   The first step of cleanliness in to keep our ____.

i. body clean ii. body unclean                   iii. mental peace                   iv. mental purity

2. Give short answer to the following questions.

        (a)   What can be a hotbed of germs?

        (b)   What should we do before going out?

        (c)   How can we lead a happy and healthy life?

        (d)   Why will we abide by the rules of hygiene?

        (e)   Whom does nobody like?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) boiling and filtering; (b) (iii) Emit; (c) (ii) gain; (d) (i) Preserve; (e) (i) body clean.
  2. (a) Dirty clothes can be a hotbed of germs.

        (b)   We should wear socks and shoes before going out.

        (c)   We can lead a happy and healthy life by following the rules of hygiene and keeping our surroundings and environment clean.

        (d)   We will abide by the rules of hygiene to lead a healthy and happy life.

        (e)   Nobody likes an unclean person.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 14

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closet to the text.

        (a)   hygiene

i. cleanliness ii. vigour                                 iii. cover                                 iv. deter

        (b)   achieve

i. share ii. attain                                 iii. time                                   iv. illusive

        (c) spiritually

i. corrupt ii. sharpen                              iii. morally                             iv. illusive

        (d)   pure

i. pleader ii. scorn                                  iii. real                                    iv. affluent

        (e)   filtering

i. slight                                    ii. weak                                  iii. depute                               iv. separating out

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   How can we get clean water?

        (b)   Why should we keep ourselves clean?

        (c)   Why should we avoid dirty clothes?

        (d)   How can we get things by cleanliness?

        (e)   What can be a hotbed of germs?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) cleanliness; (b) (ii) attain; (c) (iii) morally; (d) (iii) real; (e) (iv) separating out.
  2. (a) We can get clean water by boiling and filtering.

        (b)   We should keep ourselves clean to be free from dirt and bacteria.

        (c)   We should avoid dirty clothes because dirty clothes give off bad smell and invite germs.

        (d)   We can achieve anything physically, mentally or spiritually in our body, mind and soul by cleanliness.

        (e)   Dirty clothes can be a hotbed of germs.

  1. Same as Set 1

Passage 7: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–5, Lesson–01)

There is a small village called Bhabanipur in Jhenaidah. It is a typical Bangladeshi village. People here spend their day-to-day life mostly working in the fields and doing household work. In this ordinary village, there lives an extraordinary woman named Shamima Akhter Maya. Shamima’s willpower and determination have made her extraordinary. She has seen the most cruel aspect of life. But the cruelty could not defeat her spirit. She has come out as a winner, defying all the odds of life. Shamima is now 32 years old. She has only one son named Ashikur Rahman Kanok. She runs a small boutique called ‘Oikko Nari Kollayan Shangstha’ in her village. Let’s hear from Shamima, how she succeeded in setting up her boutique.

Set 1

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   typical

i. unusual ii. usual                                  iii. famous                             iv. infamous

        (b)   aspect

i. appearance ii. position                              iii. characteristics                 iv. piece

        (c)   odd

i. old ii. queer                          iii. add                                    iv. double

        (d)   cruel

i. gentle ii. generous                            iii. simple                               iv. unkind

        (e)   spirit

i. ghost ii. soul                                     iii. strength                             iv. wisdom

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   Who is Shamima? What made her extraordinary?

        (b)   Where is Bhabanipur situated? What type of village is it?

        (c)   What is Oikko Nari Kollayan Shangstha? Who runs it?

        (d)   What do the people of Bhabanipur usually do?

        (e)   How does she come out as a winner?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) usual; (b) (iii) characteristics; (c) (ii) queer; (d) (iv) unkind; (e) (iii) strength.
  2. (a) Shamima is an extraordinary woman. Her willpower and determination have made her extraordinary.

        (b)   Bhabanipur is situated in Jhenaidah. It is a typical Bangladeshi village.

        (c)   ‘Oikko Nari Kollyan Shangstha’ is a small boutique and Shamima runs it.

        (d)   The people of Bhabanipur usually do their day-to-day works in the fields and do small jobs.

        (e)   She comes out as a winner defying all the odds of life by her willpower and determination.

  1. Shamima Akhter, an extraordinary woman lives in a typical Bangladeshi village called Bhabanipur in Jenaidah. She had to undergo a lot of suffering in her life. However, she overcame all the obstacles by her extraordinary willpower and determination. She has come out victorious. Now she runs a boutique successfully.

Set 2

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text :

        (a)   defy

i. to beat ii. to repeat                            iii. to refuse                           iv. to confuse

        (b)   cruelty

i. human ii. benevolent                        iii. barbarity                          iv. bereft

        (c)   typical

i. general ii. common                            iii. distinguish                        iv. distractive

        (d)   aspect

i. direction ii. related                                iii. special side                       iv. besides

        (e)   spend

i. waste ii. utilize                                 iii. pass by                             iv. pass over

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   In what sense is the village, Bhabanipur a typical village?

        (b)   What might be the cruel aspect of Shamima’s life?

        (c)   How has Shamima become victorious?

        (d)   What did help Shamima to defeat all the odds?

        (e)   Is Shamima a model for the poverty-stricken women? How? Explain it.

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) to refuse; (b) (iii) barbarity; (c) (ii) common; (d) (iii) special side; (e) (ii) utilize.
  2. (a) Bhabanipur is a typical village in the sense that people there spend their time working in the fields and doing small jobs.

        (b)   Deprivation and all the odds of life might be the cruel aspect of shamima’s life.

        (c)   Shamima has become victorious defying all the odds of life.

        (d)   Shamima’s willpower  and determination helped her defeat all the odds.

        (e)   Yes, Shamima is a model for the poverty-stricken women. Because she has defeated all her miseries through strong will power. She has become self-reliant.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 3

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   The word ‘typical’ means ____.

i. usual ii. unusual                              iii. famous                             iv. special

        (b)   She has seen the most cruel aspect of life. Here cruel is a/an ___.

i. noun ii. verb                                    iii. adjective                          iv. pronoun

        (c)   The ____ of Shamima makes her successful.

i. weakness ii. willpower                           iii. wish                                   iv. desire

        (d)   Now Shamima is ____.

i. child ii. middle-aged                      iii. teenager                            iv. old

        (e)   Shamima is a/an ____ person.

i. common ii. simple                                iii. normal                              iv. amazing

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What type of village does Shamima live in?

        (b)   What do the people in Bhabanipur usually do?

        (c)   What does Shamima run?

        (d)   What is Oikko Nari Kollayan Shangstha?

        (e)   What made Shamima extraordinary?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) usual; (b) (iii) adjective; (c) (ii) willpower; (d) (ii) middle-aged; (e) (iv) amazing.
  2. (a) Shamima lives in a typical village of Bangladesh.

        (b)   The people in Bhabanipur spend their day-to-day life mostly working in the fields and doing small jobs.

        (c)   Shamima runs a small boutique called ‘Oikko Nari Kollayan Shangstha’ in her village.

        (d)   ‘Oikko Nari  kollayan Shangstha’ is a small boutique.

        (e)   Shamima’s willpower and determination made her extraordinary.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 4

  1. Write the correct meaning of the following words.

        (a)   ordinary

i. unordinary ii. extraordinary                   iii. simple                               iv. rare

        (b)   willpower

i. diligence ii. labourious                         iii. firmness                            iv. painstaking

        (c)   determination

i. sluggish ii. resoluteness                      iii. stubborn                           iv. obstinate

        (d)   aspect

i. subject ii. theme                                 iii. object                                iv. direction

        (e)   defy

i. disobey ii. observe                              iii. abide                                 iv. follow

2. Answers the following questions.

        (a)   In which district is the village Bhabanipur  situated?

        (b)   What type of woman is Shamima?

        (c)   How old is Shamima now?

        (d)   What does Shamima run?

        (e)   What made Shamima extraordinary?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (i) (c) simple; (ii) (c) firmness; (iii) (b) resoluteness; (iv) (b) theme; (v) (a) disobey.
  2. (a) The village of Bhabanipur is situated in the district of Jhenaidah.

        (b)   Shamima is an extraordinary woman.

        (c)   Shamima is now 32 years old.

        (d)   Shamima runs a small boutique called Oikko Nari kollayan Shangstha.

        (e)   Shamima’s willpower and determination made her extraordinary.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 5

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words.

        (a)   typical

i. unusual ii. uncommon                       iii. abnormal                         iv. representative

        (b)   mostly

i. particularly ii. certainly                            iii. mainly                              iv. hardly

        (c)   job

i. a piece of work ii. unemployment                iii. duty                                   iv. responsibility

        (d)   ordinary

i. common ii. different                            iii. the same                           iv. unusual

        (e)   extraordinary

i. common ii. simple                                iii. charming                          iv. incredible

2. Answer the following questions.

        (a)   What could not defeat Shamima’s spirit?

        (b)   How does Shamima make her extraordinary?

        (c)   What does she run?

        (d)   What type of village does Shamima live in?

        (e)   Why couldn’t the cruelty defeat her?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iv) representative; (b) (iii) mainly; (c) (i) a piece of work; (d) (i) common; (e) (iv) incredible.
  2. (a) The cruelty of life could not defeat Shamima’s spirit.

        (b)   Shamima makes herself extraordinary by her willpower and determinaton. With these qualities, she has defted all the odds of life and come out as a winner.

        (c)   She runs a small boutique called ‘Oikko Nari Kollayan Shangstha in her village.

        (d)   Shamima lives in a typical Bangladeshi village.

        (e)   The cruelty could not defeat her because she had great willpower and determination.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 6

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

        (a)   Shamima’s story ____ everyone.

i. fascinated ii. astonished                         iii. shocked                            iv. worried

        (b)   Shamima did not want to get married because she wanted to complete her education but nobody ___ her.

i. talked to ii. listened to                          iii. took care of                     iv. looked after

        (c)   What does it mean by ‘adolescent’.

i. a youngman                                                 ii. a young person aged between 13 and 18

                iii. a boy                                                                                 iv. a girl

        (d)   “Bring about” means.

i. cause to happen ii. fetch                                   iii. get                                      iv. procure

        (e)   Shamima had to face many ____ of life.

i. features ii. odds                                   iii. aspects                              iv. worries

2. Give short answer to the following questions.

        (a)   What do the people of “Bhabanipur” village usually do?

        (b)   Why was Shamima extraordinary?

        (c)   What did Shamima dream of?

        (d)   Why couldn’t the cruelty defeat her?

        (e)   How did Shamima want to fulfill her dream?

  1. Summarized the passage in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) astonished; (b) (ii) listened to; (c) (ii) a young person aged between 13 and 18; (d) (i) cause to happen; (e) (ii) odds.
  2. (a) The people of Bhabanipur village usually stand their day-to-day life mainly in the field and do small jobs.

        (b)   Shamima was extraordinary because she with her willpower and determination overcame the most cruel aspects of life.

        (c)   Shamima dreamt of completing her education and getting a good job to bring about a change in her life.

        (d)   The cruelty could not defeat her because she had strong willpower and determination.

        (e)   Shamima wanted to fulfill her dream by completing her education.

  1. Same as Set 1

Passsage 8: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–6, Lesson–01)

Zara lives with her parents in London. They have come to Bangladesh to visit Zara’s aunt and uncle. She is very close to her cousin Mita. Both the families have visited many interesting places together in Bangladesh. It was great fun. Then they decided that they would visit some places outside Bangladesh too. They decided to go to Thailand. But Mita’s parents were too busy with their work, so they could not go. However, Mita was going with them. Mita, Zara and her parents are at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport. They are waiting in the lounge. Mita is very excited. This is her first time to board a plane. They are flying by Bangladesh Biman. Mita is hoping to have a great time in Thailand. As they wait, the two cousins start planning what they would do once they reach Bangkok. Mita’s uncle brings forms for all of them to fill in before going through the immigration. He gives one to Mita and says, “You have to give some information about yourself in the form. The immigration officer will check your passport and stamp it. And then you are ready to travel.” Mita, Zara and her parents start filling in the forms.

Set 1

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :

a) Both the families have decided to visit some places–

i) some places in the town                                            ii)     historical places

                iii)  relatives house                                                            iv)   outside places

b) Mita is very excited because ____.

i) it is her first Journey by plane                                  ii)     she is going with her family

                iii)  her uncle is going with them                                     iv)   None of this

c) Who brings form for all of them?

i) Mita’s father            ii)   Mita’s mother                     iii)    Mita’s uncle                     iv)   None of this

d) They are flying by ____.

i)    Indian Biman          ii)   Bangladesh Biman           iii)    Sri Lanka Biman            iv)   None of this

e) Mita as well as her family ____

i) is going to                 ii)   are going to                         iii)    have gone                        iv)   have not gone

2. Answer the following questions :

a) How is the relationship Zara and Mita?

b) Why was Mita alone with Zara’s family?

c) What did Mita’s uncle bring for all?

d) What is the function of an immigration officer at the airport?

e) Why does Zara’s family come to Bangladesh?

2. Read the passage and summarize it in your own words in around 50 words.

3. Summarize the passage in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) historical places; (b) (i) it is her first Journey by plane; (c) (iii) Mita’s uncle; (d) (ii) Bangladesh Biman; (e) (v) is going to.
  2. (a) The relationship between Zara and Mita is very close.

        (b)   Mita was alone with Zara’s family because her parents were too busy with their work.

        (c)   Mita’s uncle brings immigration forms for all of them.

        (d)   The function of an immigration officer at the airport is to check passport and stamp on it.

        (e)   Zara’s family came to Bangladesh to visit Mita’s family.

  1. Zara’s family lives in London. They have come to Bangladesh to visit Mita’s family. The two families have visited many interesting places in Bangladesh. Then Mita and Zara’s family are at Hajrat Shahjalal International Airport to go to Thailand. They have to fill up some forms before going through the immigration. They will be ready to travel after checking passport and stamp by the immigration officer.

Passage 9: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–6, Lesson–06)

Oxygen and the air pressure are always being monitored. In the event of a lack of oxygen, an oxygen mask will automatically appear in front of you. Pull the mask towards you and place it firmly over your nose and mouth. Secure the elastic band behind your head, and breathe normally.

If you are travelling with a child or someone who requires assistance, secure your mask first, and then assist the other person. Keep your mask on until a uniformed crew member advises you to remove it. In the event of an emergency, please assume the bracing position. That is, lean forward with your hands on top of your head and your elbows against your thighs. Ensure your feet are flat on the floor. A life vest is located in a pouch under your seat or between the armrests. When instructed to do so, open the plastic pouch and remove the vest. Slip it over your head. Pass the straps around your waist and adjust at the front. To inflate the vest, pull firmly on the red cord, before you leave the aircraft. We remind you that this is a nonsmoking flight. You will find this and all the other safety information in the card located in the seat pocket in front of you. We strongly suggest you read it before take off. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask one of our crew members. We wish you all an enjoyable flight.

Set 1

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text :

a) firmly:

i. seriously ii. strongly                                  iii. swiftly                                  iv. heavily

b) assistance:

i. tolerance ii. reliance                                  iii. aid                                        iv. attire

c) Assume:

i. adept ii. adapt                                     iii. adhere                                 iv. adopt

d) position:

i. posture ii. location                                 iii. circumstance                      iv. policy

e) Inflate:

i. tear up ii. tear                                         iii. blow up                               iv. put out

2. Answer the following questions :

        (a)   Which things are always monitored?

        (b)   When should a passenger remove his mask?

        (c)   What is a bracing position?

        (d)   How is the vest inflated?

        (e)   Where can the safety information be found?

  1. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (ii) strongly; (b) (iii) aid; (c) (iv) adopt; (d) (i) posture; (e) (iii) blow up.
  2. (a) Oxygen and the air pressure are always monitored.

        (b)   A passenger should remove his mask until a uniformed crew member advises him to do so.

        (c)   A bracing position means leaning forward with hands on top of head and elbows against thighs.

        (d)   The vest is inflated by pulling firmly on the red cord.

        (e)   The safety information can be found in the card located in the seat pocket in front of a passenger.

  1. During the lack of oxygen, you should wear an oxygen mask. After helping yourself, you should help others. In the event of an emergency, you should assume the bracing position. If instructed, you should open the plastic pouch and remove the vest. You will find all the other safety information in the card which is located in the seat pocket in front of them. if you have any questions, you can ask one of the crew members.

Set 2

  1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.

        (a)   monitored

i. rescored ii. mentioned                         iii. checked                            iv. changed

        (b)   appear

i. seen ii. present                               iii. prepare                             iv. given

        (c)   firmly

i. weakly ii. dramatically                     iii. partially                            iv. strongly

        (d)   assume

i. prove ii. declare                               iii. consider                            iv. cover

        (e)   inflate

i. decrease ii. destroy                               iii. deeper                               iv. increase

2. answer the following questions.

        (a)   When will an oxygen mask appear before a passenger?

        (b)   How is an oxygen mask used?

        (c)   Where is a life vest located?

        (d)   Is there any life-saving alternative in the event of a lack of oxygen? If yes, what is that?

        (e)   What will a passenger find in the card kept in the seat pocket?

 Answer 

  1. (a) (iii) checked; (b) (ii) present; (c) (iv) strongly; (d) (iii) consider; (e) (iv) increase.
  2. (a) An oxygen mask will appear before a passenger in the event of a lack of oxygen.

        (b)   At first one has to pull the mask and place it firmly over his nose and mouth. Then he has to secure the elastic band behind his head and breathe normally.

        (c)   A life vest is located in a pouch under Passenger’s seat or between the armrests.

        (d)   Yes, there is a life saving alternative in the event of a lack of oxygen. It is an oxygen mask.

        (e)   A passenger will find other safety information in the card kept in the seat pocket.

  1. Same as Set 1

Set 3

  1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.

        (a)   There are more than two emergency exits in the aircraft. Here ‘exits’ means ____.

i. doors ii. departures                         iii. windows                           iv. seats

        (b)   In the announcement, the cabin crew asked each passenger to ___¾ their life vest.

i. trace                                    ii. take                                    iii. find                                    iv. uncover

        (c)   During emergency the passengers are requested to assume the bracing position. Here ‘assume’ means ___.

i. take on                               ii. suppose                             iii. shoulder                            iv. change

        (d)   If the passengers have any questions, they are told to ask ____.

i. the captain ii. the crew                             iii. other passengers             iv. none

        (e)   All the passengers should ____ the safety information card.

i. worry ii. avoid                                  iii. read                                   iv. memorize

2. Answer the following questions in your own words.

        (a)   Which things are always monitored?

        (b)   What will happen if there is a lack of oxygen?

        (c)   Where will you get safety information?

        (d)   What are you suggested to do if you have any question?

        (e)   What do you have to do if you want to help others?

  1. Read the text in A again. Now, write the summary of it in around 85 words.

 Answer 

  1. (a) (i) doors; (b) (iv) uncover; (c) (i) take on; (d) (ii) the crew; (e) (iii) read.
  2. (a) Oxygen and the air pressure are always monitored.

        (b)   If there is a lack of oxygen, an oxygen mask will automatically appear in front of the passenger.

        (c)   I will get safety information in the card located in the seat pocket in front of me.

        (d)   If I have any question I am suggested to ask one of the crew members on the plane.

        (e)   If I want to help others, after securing my mask on first, I will assist others.

Passage 10: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–6, Lesson–09)


The Tha Kha floating market is more traditional with a few tourists visiting than other floating markets.
Originally, the Tha Kha floating market used to sit only six or seven days a month depending on the phase of the moon. Nowadays, the trade takes place on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays too.
The main buyers here are the Tha Kha natives. People seem to know each other very well.
Everyone was seen smiling and calling each other by name. The locals did not notice Mita and others much. They were all busy buying and selling.
Set 1
1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text :
a) Traditional:
i. ordinary ii. simple iii. conventional iv. common
b) Take place:
i. avoid ii. happen iii. overlook iv. look upon
c) Seem:
i. guess ii. remember iii. appear iv. recollect
d) Friendly:
i. angry ii. antagonistic iii. amicable iv. rivalry
e) Delighted:
i. gloomy ii. sad iii. glad iv. offended


2. Give short anwer to the following questions :
(a) How is the Tha Kha floating market?
(b) How did the people of the Tha Kha market seem to be?
(c) Why do you think people of the floating market know each other very well?
(d) Who are the customers of the floating market?
(e) What kind of food is ‘Pad Thai’?

3. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.


Answer
1. (a) (iii) conventional; (b) (ii) happen; (c) (iii) appear; (d) (iii) amicable; (e) (iii) glad.
2. (a) The Tha Kha floating market is more traditional with a few toursts visiting than other floating markets.
(b) The people of the Tha Kha market seem to know each other very well.
(c) The people of the floating market call each other by name. So I think that they know each other very well.
(d) The native people are the customers of the floating market.
(e) ‘Pad Thai’ is a kind of noodles with shrimps, tomato and some vegetables with freshly roasted crusted crushed peanut.
3. Tha Kha is a traditional floating market. The main buyers here are the Tha Kha natives. They know each other very well. People were very busy in buying and selling. Mita and others visited the market. After passing a busy hour, they felt hungry and bought a very popular food named Pad Thai from a woman. The Tha Kha people are simple and well-behaved. They speak in their mother tongue, as they do not know any other language. Mita was delighted to see the floating market and took a lot of pictures.


Set 2
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) ‘Traditional’ refers to ____.
i. modern ii. fashionable iii. current iv. conventional
(b) Pad Thai is a very popular ___.
i. food ii. drink iii. bread iv. fadding
(c) What does the word ‘originally’ mean?
i. rarely ii. hardly iii. presently iv. initially
(d) ‘Notice’ refers to ____.
i. hold ii. observe iii. hear iv. catch
(e) English is ____ all over the world.
i speaking ii. spoke iii. spoken iv. speaks


2. Answer the following questions.
(a) What were the local people doing at the Tha Kha floating market?
(b) How was the food served?
(c) What are the ingredients of the food ‘Pad Thai’?
(d) What is Kanom krok?
(e) How did they communicate with Mita and Zara?

3. Summarize the above passage in around 50 words.


Answer
1. (a) (iv) conventional; (b) (i) food; (c) (iv) initially; (d) (ii) observe; (e) (iii) spoken.
2. (a) At the Tha Kha floating market the local people were busy with selling and buying.
(b) The food was served in a bowl made from banana leaf.
(c) The ingredients of the food ‘Pad Thai’ are shrimp, tomato, vegetables and freshly-roasted crushed peanut.
(d) Kanom Krok is a coconut pancake which is very sweet.
(e) They communicated with Mita and Zara in a special way, not through English or any other language.
3. Same as Set 1

Passage 11: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–7, Lesson–01)


Thousands of years ago, the first pearl was probably discovered while human beings were searching for food at the sea shore. Throughout history, the pearl with its shine has been one of the most highly valued gems. Pearls have been mentioned many times in religious texts and mythologies from the earliest times. The ancient Egyptians valued pearls so much that they were buried with them. It is said that the famous queen of Egypt Cleopatra would dissolve a pearl in a glass and drink it as a sign of love and respect for the entire nation. The Grecks thought of pearls as a sign of wealth and social position. The beauty of pearls was associated with love and marriage. In ancient Rome, pearls were considered the greatest sign of wealth and social status. At that time the young women of noble families loved to wear beautiful pearl necklaces. The brave knights used to wear them in the battles for good luck.
Set 1
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) The first pearl was probably discovered. Here probably means ___.
i. definitely ii. certainly iii. of course iv. likely
(b) Seashore is ___.
i. birth ii. beech iii. beach iv. beseech
(c) Mentions means ___.
i. cite ii. site iii. sanction iv. tension
(d) Dissolve means ___.
i. solve ii. resolve iii. boil iv. consolidate
(e) The meaning of the word brave is as similar as ___.
i. slave ii. timid iii. grave iv. valiant


2. Answer the following questions in your own words.
(a) Who is Cleopatra and what is said about her in mythology?
(b) Who are the knights and what did they do with the pearls?
(c) Why has the pearl been valued so much?
(d) How did the Greeks and the Romans think of the pearls?
(e) In what sense, pearls have something to do with romance?

3. Summarize the above passage in around 85 words.


Answer
1. (a) (iv) likely; (b) (iii) beach; (c) (i) cite; (d) (i) solve; (e) (iv) valiant.
2. (a) Cleopatra is the famous queen of Egypt. In mythology, it is said that she would dissolve a pearl in a glass and drink it as a sign of love and respect for the entire nation.
(b) The knights are brave persons who took part in battle. They used to wear pearls in the battle for good luck.
(c) The pearl has been valued so much for its brilliant shine and beauty. Besides, it has association with many things.
(d) The Greeks and the Romans thought the pearls as a sign of wealth and social position or status.
(e) Pearl has something to do with romance in the sense that in ancient time the beauty of pearls was associated with love and marriage. Besides, the brave knights used to wear them in the battles for good luck.
3. After the discovery of the first pearl, it has become a valuable gem. Famous Queen, Cleopatra would drink it as a sign of love and respect for the entire nation while the Greeks thought it as a sign of wealth, social position, love and marriage. The ancient Romans also considered it as the sign of wealth and social status.

Passage 12: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–7, Lesson–03)


River gypsies are an ethnic group of people in Bangladesh. They are known as bedey to local people. The gypsies have their own lifestyle and culture. They live in groups and do not own any land. Therefore, they live a nomadic life, travelling from one place to another. These people roam across our rivers and waters from May to December in small country boats. These boats are their houses and these people are a part of our waters. In winter, many water bodies dry up. At that time they return to the mainland and live in make-shift tarpaulin tents on open river banks. You can see their men relaxing in the tents. Toddlers play with dogs or other pets in the dust. Women often idle away time by hair doing, picking off lice in twos or threes sitting in a row. Through-out the monsoon, they remain busy with fishing. They also dive for natural pearls in waters. Sometimes, they camp for a couple of weeks. Men catch snakes and entertain people with snake charming and sell harbal cures. Women go from door to door to sell bangles, cosmetics and other things. They also try to heal pains of old people often by sucking out blood from their body. Many villagers believe in the magical power of the gypsies.
They can make an evil spirit leave someone’s body by magic or special powers.


Set 1
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :
a) The term ‘ethnic’ is connected with–
i. people ii. plants iii. animals iv. fishes
b) The gypsies lead a ____ life.
i. luxurious ii. nomadic iii. fashionable iv. simple
c) They are locally known as ____.
i. jeley ii. kumar iii. snake charmer iv. bedey
d) ‘Monsoon’ refers to the–
i. summer ii. winter iii. autumn iv. rainy season
e) The gypsies have no –
i. language ii. religion iii. land possession iv. culture

2. Give short answers to the following questions :
(a) Who are river gypsies?
(b) What do river gypsies do for a living?
(c) Where do they return in winter?
(d) What do the village people believe about the river gypsies?
(e) How long do they stay on boats?

3. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.


Answer
1. (a) (i) people; (b) (ii) nomadic; (c) (iv) bedey; (d) (iv) rainy season; (e) land possession.
2. (a) The people known as bedey are river gypsies.
(b) River gypsies do fishing, diving for natural pearls in waters, catching snakes, snake charming, healing pains of old people etc. for a living.
(c) They return to the mainland in winter.
(d) The village people believe that river gypsies have magical power and they can drive evil spirit.
(e) They stay on boats for eight months.
3. River gypsies are known as bedey to us. They live in groups and travel from one place to another. Water is a part of their living. They do fishing, diving for pearls, catching snakes, snake charming, healing pains of aged people etc. for their living. Many villagers thinks that river gypsies have magical power.

Set 2
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) entertain
i. annoy ii. mock iii. amuse iv. criticize
(b) heal
i. cure ii. suffer iii. repair iv. rectify
(c) roam
i. stay ii. settle iii. relax iv. wander
(d) suck
i. utilize ii. sip iii. improve iv. idealize
(e) charming
i. outstanding ii. awful iii. amuse iv. prevent

2. Answer the following questions in your own words.
(a) Why do river gypsies live a nomadic life and how?
(b) How do women often idle away time?
(c) What happens to water bodies in winter?
(d) How can they drive away the evil spirit?
(e) What do river gypsy men do for a living?

3. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.


Answer
1. (i) (c) amuse; (ii) (a) cure; (iii) (d) wander; (iv) (b) sip; (v) (a) outstanding.
2. (a) River gypsies live in groups and do not own any land. Therefore, they live a nomadic life travelling from one place to another.
(b) Women often idle away time by hair doing, picking off lice in twos or threes sitting in a row.
(c) In winter, many water bodies dry up.
(d) They can drive away an evil spirit from someone’s body by magic or special powers.
(e) River gypsy men catch snakes and entertain people with snake charming. They also sell herbal cures, bangles, cosmetics and other things for a living.
3. Same as Set 1


Set 3
1. Guess the meaning of the following words.
(a) ethnic
i. plants ii. racial iii. animals iv. fishes
(b) heal
i. increase ii. suffer iii. relieve iv. repair
(c) toddlers
i. boys ii. girls iii. young iv. chidren
(d) nomadic
i. travellers ii. unemployed iii. wandering iv. strangers
(e) Talisman
i. keys ii. amulet iii. string iv. canvas

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Who are river gypsies?
(b) What do river gypsy men do for their living?
(c) What are the gypsies’ own lifestyle and culture?
(d) How can the gypsy women drive away the evil spirit?
(e) What do they do throughout the monsoon?

3. Summarize the passage in around 50 words.

Answer
1. (a) (ii) racial; (b) (iii) relieve; (c) (iv) children; (d) (iii) wandering; (e) (ii) amulet.
2. (a) River gypsies are an ethnic group in Bangladesh.
(b) River gypsy men catch fish or entertain people with snake charming for their living.
(c) They live in groups and do not own any land. Therefore, they live a nomadic life travelling from one place to another.
(d) The gypsy women are believed to have the magical power to drive away the evil apirit by magic or special powers.
(e) Throughout the monsoon, they remain busy with fishing. They also dive for natural pearls in water. Men catch snakes. Men catch snakes and entertain people with snake charming and sell herbal cure and women go from door to door to sell bangles, cosmetics and other things.
3. Same as Set 1

Passage 13: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–9, Lesson–01)


Human beings have invented many important things so far. They have brought great civilization to the world through these inventions. Do you know which invention is the greatest? It is ‘the wheel’. A wheel is a circular object. It can rotate around its axis and help easy movement of things across a surface. The wheels are, in fact, everywhere. They are on our cars, trains, planes, wagons and so on.
Besides, they are on most factory and farm equipment. Fans, propellers, turbines are also other types of wheels. So the wheel is very important. We cannot imagine modern life without wheels.
But do we know exactly who made the first wheel?

Set 1
1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to it.
(a) object
i. think ii. thing iii. surrounding iv. matter
(b) axis
i. earth ii. orbit iii. moon iv. sun
(c) across
i. from one side to another ii. beside iii. before iv. after
(d) equipment
i. dress ii. tool iii. food iv. cloth
(e) sort
i. source ii. sample iii. tire iv. type

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Why is the wheel the greatest invention?
(b) What can we do with the help of wheel?
(c) What are the different types of wheel?
(d) How have human beings brought great civilization to the world?
(e) What kind of object is a wheel?

3. Summarize the passage in around 50 words.


Answer
1. (a) (ii) thing; (b) (ii) orbit; (c) (i) from one side to another; (d) (ii) tool; (e) (iv) type.
2. (a) The wheel is the greatest invention because without it we cannot imagine our modern life.
(b) We can move heavy things across a surface easily with the help of wheels.
(c) Fans, propellers, turbines are various types of wheels.
(d) Human beings have brought great civilization to the world through inventing many important things.
(e) A wheel is a circular object.
3. The wheel is the greatest invention. They are on our cars, trains, planes, wagons etc. Modern life cannot be thought of without it but we do not exactly know the name of the first inventor of it.

Passage 14: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–9, Lesson–04)


Human beings conquered the distance on earth by discovering wheels. They endeavored further. Then on December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers in America made the first experiment of flying in a plane. In the experiment, a machine carried a man and rose above by its own power. The machine was called ‘aka airplane’. It flew naturally in a smooth speed, and finally landed without damage.
That was human being’s first real tak-off. And now, they have got a supersonic speed. In a supersonic speed, something travels faster than sound! So the sky’s the limit now! Modern aircraft companies are making revolutions in aviation technology. Boeing as well as Airbus is producing modern passenger airplanes. These planes fly very fast. Boeing 787 flies 950 km/h. However, Air bus 350 is expected to fly in a couple of years. Its speed will be 945 km/h. You find attractive ads on the websites of both Boeing and Airbus planes. Both have excellent features. But in speed, neither could beat the Concorde.
It is the world’s fastest supersonic passenger aircraft. Its normal speed was 2,170 km/h. The Concorde was a joint project by France and Britain. It started passenger flight in 1976. Unfortunately, the Concorde fleet was grounded forever in 2003 after a major accident.

Set 1
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives :
(a) The invention of wheels cannot help ____ the distance.
i. conquer ii. conquering iii. conquered iv. increase
(b) They endeavored further. Here ‘endeavor’ means ____.
i. experienced ii. exercised iii. tried iv. failed
(c) The first experiment of flying in a plane was made by the ____.
i. Asians ii. Americans iii. Australians iv. Chinese
(d) Which one is the first plane of human beings?
i. Boeing ii. Aka airplane iii. Boeing 787 iv. The Concorde
(e) “Supersonic speed” means ____.
i. as fast as sound ii. faster than sound iii. less fast than sound iv. not related with sound

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Who made the first successful experiment in flying an airplane?
(b) What was the first flying machine called?
(c) What do you mean by ‘supersonic’?
(d) What was world’s fastest passenger airplane?
(e) What is Concorde?

3. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.

Answer
1. (a) (ii) conquering; (b) (iii) tried; (c) (ii) Americans; (d) (ii) Aka airplane; (e) (ii) faster than sound.
2. (a) Wright brothers made the first successful experiment in flying an airplane.
(b) The first flying machine was called ‘aka airplane’.
(c) Supersonic means a speed which travels faster than the speed of the sound.
(d) The Concorde was world’s fastest passenger airplane.
(e) The Concorde is the world’s fastest supersonic passenger aircraft.
3. Human beings conquered the distance on earth by inventing wheels. But they attempted further on December 17, 1903. The Wright brothers in America made the first experiment of flying in a place called ‘aka airplane’ which landed without any damage. Now they have got a supersonic speed. Now modern planes are flying very fast. But in respect of speed, the Concorde is the fastest whose normal speed was 2,170 km per hour.

Set 2
1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.
(a) take off
i. torn ii. adventure iii. journey iv. flying
(b) feature
i. picture ii. characteristic iii. chart iv. row
(c) distance
i. remoteness ii. shortness iii. smallness iv. greatness
(d) naturally
i. artificially ii. whimsically iii. automatically iv. particularly
(e) smooth
i. hard ii. easy iii. difficulty iv. harsh

2. Answer to the following questions.
(a) What do Boeing and Airbus produce?
(b) How many persons did “aka airplane” carry?
(c) When did human beings first start to fly?
(d) What is Concorde?
(e) ‘The Sky’s the limit’ – What does this mean?

3. Summarize the above text in around 85 words.


Answer
1. (a) (iv) flying; (b) (ii) characteristic; (c) (i) remoteness; (d) (iii) automatically; (e) (ii) easy.
2. (a) Boeing and Airbus produce modern passenger airplanes.
(b) ‘Aka airplane’ carried only one person.
(c) Human being first started to fly on December 17, 1903.
(d) The Concorde is the world’s fastest supersonic passenger aircraft.
(e) It means that there is no limit to what somebody can achieve as the sky has no limit.
3. Same as Set 1

Set 3
1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.
(a) conquer
i. lose ii. overcome iii. go down iv. drop
(b) experiment
i. test ii. practice iii. implement iv. use
(c) damage
i. repair ii. mend iii. renovate iv. spoil
(d) travel
i. come ii. arrival iii. enjoy iv. move
(e) excellent
i. poor ii. ordinary iii. normal iv. brilliant

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Who built the Concorde?
(b) What happened to it finally?
(c) What kind of aircraft is the Concorde?
(d) When is Airbus going to fly?
(e) How is the speed of Boeing?

3. Summarize the above text in your own words (within 80 words).


Answer
1. (a) (ii) overcome; (b) (i) test; (c) (iv) spoil; (d) (iv) move; (e) (iv) brilliant.
2. (a) France and Britain in a joint project built the Concorde.
(b) It finally met with a great accident.
(c) The Concorde is the world’s fastest supersonic passenger aircraft.
(d) Airbus 350 is expected to fly in a couple of years.
(e) Boeing 787 flies 950 km/h.
3. Same as Set 1

Passage 15: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–9, Lesson–06)


Communication of ideas is at the centre of civilisation. It needs written records. Most of our records in the modern age are on paper. Though writing was invented very early paper is a more modern invention. For long in history, people exchanged ideas through speaking and listening. Then there came the art of writing. But to record thoughts in writing was difficult. Writing materials were not available. People used the surface of stone, metal, wood, bark, leaves, etc. for writing. Those things were not easy to carry. Then for ages, people looked for easy writing materials. Finally, Paper was invented in China in 105 AD. Before the paper age, knowledge was very restricted. Can you think of that time? There were very few books in the world. Maybe, they were written on stone or on heavy wood plunks or on metal sheets. Suppose, one page was a heavy stone block. So think of a hundred-page book! In our age, you can carry the entire world of knowledge in digital form in our laptop bag. You can even carry a huge volume of paper encyclopedia. But who could produce and carry tons of heavy stone books and documents in those paperless days? In fact, paper has made publication and the spread of knowledge and information easy. So you can see how paper has changed our life.


Set 1
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) Paper has ___ to spread knowledge.
i. helped ii. facilitated iii. hindered iv. hampered
(b) In the past, knowledge was very ____.
i. free ii. open iii. limited iv. available
(c) The invention of paper has changed our life ____.
i. slowly ii. drastically iii. gradually iv. by stages
(d) In earliar time it was ____ to record thought in writing.
i. very easy ii. less time consuming iii. tough iv. boring
(e) Which one was an early writing material?
i. Type writer ii. Metal sheet iii. Paper iv. Laptop


2. Answer the following questions in your own words.
(a) Why was recording thought in writing difficult?
(b) What was the main problem with early writing materials?
(c) How did people look for easy writing materials?
(d) How did people transfer ideas before writing was invented?
(e) How has paper changed our life?

3. Summarize the above text in your own words (within 80 words).


Answer
1. (a) (ii) facilitated; (b) (iii) limited; (c) (ii) drastically; (d) (iii) tough; (e) (ii) Metal sheet.
2. (a) Recording thought in writing was difficult because writing material was not available.
(b) The main problem with early writing materials was that those things were not easy to carry.
(c) People used surface of stone, metal, wood, bark, leaves etc. for writing. Those things were not easy to carry. So, people looked for easy writing materials.
(d) Before writing was invented, people transferred ideas through speaking and listening.
(e) Paper has changed our life immensely.
3. The communication of ideas has played a pivotal role in the advancement of civilization. Earlier people exchanged their ideas through speaking and listening and so knowledge was very restricted. Later, people used to write on the surface of stone, metal, wood, leaves etc. But with the invention of paper, human civilization has advanced rapidly. Now, the entire world of knowledge can be carried in a digital laptop. However, paper’s contribution can be very easily perceived.

Passage 16: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–7, Lesson–04)


River gypsies in Bangladesh are having various problems. First, Bangladesh is getting urbanised very rapidly. Gypsy people are losing their customers in urban population. Hence, their income is threatened.
Secondly, 24,000 kilometres of previous water ways, has shrunk into only 6,000 kilometres in the country in dry seasons. Scientists believe that Bangladesh will be worst affected by global climate change. The unpredictable rain and drying out of rivers have made boat movement heavily restricted. Thirdly many river gypsies are changing their lifestyle in the context of changed reality. They are thinking of living permanently on land. The authority feels that river gypsies need help to survive in the mainstream population. Therefore, the government is offering voting rights, permanent housing and bank-loan facilities. However, changes do not come overnight. Traditionally, river gypsies are used to water life.
They have inherited from their forefathers necessary life skills to survive in waters. They have no education and training to adapt to mainstream modern society. So the authority feels the need to bring them under formal education network. But they have no permanent living place. Gypsy children are born and brought up on roaming boats. Therefore, they cannot go to conventional schools. And hence, mobile boat-schools are coming up for gypsy children. Some voluntary organizations are running special schools on boats to educate river gypsy children in some areas.

Set 1
1. Choose the correct option.
(a) Bangladesh is ____ very rapidly.
i. becoming poorer ii. urbanizing iii. developing iv. shrinking
(b) What is the present status of the income of river gypsies?
i. Increasing ii. Moderate iii. Threatened iv. Extravagant
(c) Their lifestyle differs from ____ population.
i. local ii. tribal iii. mainstream iv. gypsy
(d) What does ‘unpredictable’ mean?
i. That can be said beforehand ii. That can be seen from a distant place
iii. Unforeseeable iv. That can be known beforehand
(e) Who are running mobile boat schools?
i. Government ii. Foreigners
iii. The water gypsies iv. Some voluntary organizations

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Why are gypsy people losing their customers?
(b) What have heavily restricted their boat movement?
(c) What have they inherited from their forefathers?
(d) Why have they not got any formal education?
(e) What is a mobile boat school?

3. Summarize the above passage in around 60 words.


Answer
1. (a) (ii) urbanizing; (b) (iii) Threatened; (c) (iii) mainstream; (d) (iii) Unforeseeable; (e) (iv) Some voluntary organizations.
2. (a) Gypsy people are losing their customers because of the increase of urban population.
(b) The unpredictable rain and drying out of rivers have made boat movement heavily restricted.
(c) They have inherited their forefathers’ necessary life skills to survive in waters.
(d) They have not got any formal education because they have no permanent living place.
(e) A mobile boat school is a special kind of school on boats to educate river gypsy children in some areas.
3. River gypsies mainly known as bedey and having their own lifestyle and culture prefer to live on the river banks. They never stay in the same place for a long time. They earn their livelihood by fishing or collecting pearls. But in the dry season, they return to the mainland. Then the men entertain people with snake-charming and the women go from door to door to sell cosmetics and other things. Many villagers believe that they can remove evil spirits from someone’s body by magic or special powers.

Passage 17: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–6, Lesson–07)


The plane landed at Suvarnabhumi Airport at 4.55 p.m. The name ‘Suvarnabhumi’ is pronounced as “su-wan-na-poom”. The name is derived from Sanskrit, which means golden land. The name was chosen by King Bhumibol Adulyadie. The airport is located in Racha Thewa in the Bang Phli district of Samut Prakan province, 30 kilometres east of Bangkok. The airport has two parallel runways. Both of them are 60 metre wide. One of the runways is 4000 metres long and the other is 3,700 metres. It can handle 76 flight operations per hour. It can handle 45 million passengers and 3 million tonnes of cargo per year. The airport passenger terminal is 563,000 square metres that is, 6,060,000 square feet. It is the fourth biggest passenger terminal building in the world.
The airport is going through phase 2. It will raise its capacity to handle 65 million passengers per year. The airport has two 5-story car park buildings. The buildings can house 5000 cars.

Set 1
1. Guess the meaning of the following words and choose the correct meaning closest to the text.
(a) raise
i. decrease ii. increase iii. demolish iv. grow
(b) derive
i. get ii. profit iii. gain iv. achieve
(c) chosen
i. liked ii. disliked iii. selected iv. supported
(d) house
i. collect ii. gather
iii. a place which accommodates things or people iv. prepare
(e) Wide
i. long ii. short iii. broad iv. high

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) How many runways does the Suvarnabhumi airport have?
(b) What is the meaning of Suvarnabhumi?
(c) After development phase 2 how many additional number of passengers will the airport be capable of handling?
(d) Locate the Suvarnabhumi airport.
(e) How many airports are there in the world bigger than Suvarnabhumi airport?

3. Summarize the above passage in around 50 words.

Answer
1. (a) (ii) increase; (b) (i) get; (c) (iii) selected; (d) (iii) a place which accommodate things or people; (e) (iii) broad.
2. (a) The Suvarnabhumi airport has two parallel runways.
(b) The meaning of Suvarnabhumi is golden land.
(c) After development phase 2, the airport will be capable of handling 65 million passengers per year.
(d) The airport is located in Racha Thewa in the Bang Phli district of Samut Prakan province, 30 kilometers east of Bangkok.
(e) There are three airports in the world bigger than Suvarnabhumi airport.
3. At 4.55 pm the plane landed at Suvarnabhumi which is pronounced as “Su-wan-na-poom” meaning golden land. It is 30 kilometres east of Bangkok. The airport has two parallel runways, both of which are 60 metres wide. Its passenger terminal is the fourth biggest passenger terminal building in the world.

Passage 18: Read the text and answer the questions 1, 2 and 3.

(Unit–6, Lesson–09)


It was sunday. Mita, Zara, Jhuma Islam and Mazharul Islam woke up very early. They quickly got ready and started for Tha Kha floating market. They planned to have breakfast at the market. They reached the market place sharp at 7. The canals were surrounded with coconut palm trees.
They hired a boat. The boatman started to row slowly taking them to the centre of the market.
There were boats everywhere. The sellers were mainly elderly Thai women. Their small boats were laden with bundles of lotus flowers, farm-fresh coconuts, fruits, vegetables, local food, and delicious sweets. The sellers and buyers rowed their boats slowly. The sellers displayed their goods for sale and the buyers chose their pick. They could have a little chit-chat as buying and selling was going on.

Set 1
1. Choose the best answer from the alternatives.
(a) They reached the market at ____.
i 7 a.m ii 7 p.m iii. 6 a.m iv. 6 p.m
(b) Mita had ____ companies on the visit to Singapore.
i. one ii. two iii. three iv. four
(c) The sellers were mainly ____.
i. men ii. women iii. boys iv. girls
(d) ‘delicious’ means ____.
i. pleasant ii. enjoyable iii. very tasty iv. tasty
(e) They could have a little chit-chat. Here underline word means ____.
i. buying ii. selling iii. talking iv. moving

2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Why did they hire a boat?
(b) What did they plan?
(c) Who was the boatman?
(d) When did they reach the market?
(e) Where did they take their breakfast?

3. Summarize the above passage in around 50 words.

Answer
1. (a) (i) 7 a.m; (b) (iii) three; (c) (ii) women; (d) (iii) very tasty; (e) (iii) talking.
2. (a) They hired a boat to visit the Tha Kha floating market.
(b) They planned to have breakfast at the market.
(c) The boatman was a local Thai man.
(d) They reached the market place sharp at 7.
(e) They took their breakfast at the market.
3. Getting up from bed early in the morning on Sunday, Mita, Zara, Jhumona Islam and Mazharul Islam reached the Tha Kha floating market at 7. There were boats everywhere which were laden with bundles of lotus flowers, farm-fresh coconuts, fruits, vegetables, local food and delicious sweets. They had a friendly chat while selling and buying was going on.

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